As natural minerals, borax crystals contain boron, sodium, water and oxygen. Crystals of borax are required to formulate soaps and detergents. As versatile chemicals, these crystals are used as suitable ingredients of glass and enamel manufacturing, as fire retardants, as flux in metallurgy and also as soil conditioners. As suitable food preservative, borax can retard decaying of edible items. Due to their insect killing attributes, borax crystals are used to formulate herbicide and pesticide. Crystals of borax can be stored for specific duration.