Sodium hypochlorite is composed of sodium cation and hypochlorite anion. Available in pale yellowish or greenish solution form, this chemical has chlorine like smell which is sweet or pleasant as well. Sodium hypochlorite is used as effective disinfectant or cleaning agent. This versatile chemical serves as oxidizing factor, as bleaching agent, as disinfectant and also as petroleum refining factor. As suitable compound, this chemical is used for purification of water. Standard shelf life and balanced content are the key aspects of this chemical.